Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy is a procedure to collect samples from bone marrow for examination. They are both different procedures but are complementary. Geneticist Inc also follows these types of procedures in their services.

The bone marrow is the spongy and flexible tissue inside longer bones. Red blood cells are produced inside the bone marrow. The procedure is done to ensure that the marrow is healthy and functioning normally, to diagnose or monitor blood and marrow diseases, like cancers. 

Doctors may order a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy test if the blood tests are either abnormal or don't provide enough information about a problem that they suspect.

The bone marrow aspiration and biopsy procedure are usually done in a hospital, or a clinic, or a doctor's office. The procedure is performed by specialists such as hematologists, or an oncologist. Before the procedure, the patient is partially sedated, and the biopsy site is numbed. 

Excessive Bleeding: This happens particularly in people with a low number of platelets, which are a type of blood cells that stop bleeding by forming a clot at the site of the wound

Infection: This can occur in people with weakened immune systems.

Long-lasting discomfort at the biopsy site: This normally doesn't happen, as the doctors performing the procedure are experts, but human error might cause this to occur.