Seniors who are no longer able to live independently and do not require full nursing may be eligible for home care. The services range from skilled home care by a registered nurse to assist with meal preparation, laundry, cleaning, and companionship.
The senior care industry defines the "Activities of Daily Living" as the ability to bathe, groom, dress, visit the toilet, control one's discharges, transfer (getting up and doing or getting into or from a chair), eat, and walk. These ADLs can be described differently by different organizations.
There are also "Instrumental ADLs" that are not necessary for basic daily living but are necessary to allow independent living. These include doing housework, cooking, taking medications, managing money, and searching on the internet or using other technology. In assessing home care needs, health care professionals and care staff will determine the number of ADLs and IADLs that a senior can perform.
Home care services are provided by an individual who visits the senior's house on a daily basis, usually from a few hours to the entire day. They assist with ADLs and IADLs when necessary and offer companionship. A housekeeper may be enough. However, if the senior is suffering from any medical issues, the home care provider must be able to identify the symptoms and provide assistance in an emergency.
There are many agencies that offer home care services. The individual caregiver should be experienced and screened. If you are not satisfied with the care provider, simply notify the agency and ask for another. You can also look into a personal direct-rent provider of home care. Be sure to get references and follow up on them. You can't guarantee the ability of the person, but there is no agency that can.